This is a book by John Green, and it’s a metaphor that expresses the `infinite regress` complication in cosmology. This metaphor relates to the mythological idea of a unique turtle that can support the earth on its back.
Additionally, this phrase shows that the turtle rests on the back of an even bigger turtle. The bigger turtle is part of an increasingly significant amount of turtles that has an infinite structure. Also, this saying is also used to refer to the complication of endless regress in epistemology. It demonstrates that there is an important foundation to knowledge in life.
The story follows the life of Sixteen-year-old Aza. She never intended to pursue the mystery of a famous fugitive that was known as Russell Pickett. That said, there is a high reward available, and her close pal Daisy is also eager to investigate the story. The two work together to work on the small divides that exist in between them and Russell’s son, David. Aza is trying to be a good person in life while managing her tormenting though patterns,
About the book
John Green has developed an exciting novel since his last release in 2012 which was known as the `The Fault in Our Stars. ` The story features a small group of tenderhearted and exciting teenagers. They are also nerds, and they are often caught discussing knowledge topics. This including the hermeneutics of start wars, astronomy, geography and more.
It’s important to note that most characters in Greens story are often portrayed as annoying. For instance, Daisy is portrayed as overbearing, yet warm and reliable at the same time. The tornado of thoughts that power Aza`s illness are difficult to manage and awkward in some instances.
John Green has done well to document the activities that occur in teenage life. He has managed to demonstrate the insecurities that compromise the lives of youth in many ways. While most of his characters are troubled and complicated, they often demonstrate with and a geeky sense of personality.
Aza suffers from OCD and anxiety. What is more appalling is that her case is severe, which makes it difficult to manage medically and personally. OCD is a complication that is associated with repetitive behaviors and this similar to Aza`s case. In fact, she has a self-inflicted wound on her finger. She constantly reopens the wound regularly to clean and sanitize it.
Additionally, she has intrusive thoughts that are key to the story. For instance, Aza is obsessed with the ecosystem of bacteria that lives in her body. She never stops worrying about the rumble that occurs in her gut and attributes them to microbes. More so, she never stops worrying about the chance of touching someone who is sweating or the prospect of sweating as well.
In conclusion, `turtles all the way down` is an excellent read for book enthusiasts. The unique way in which John Green presents his stories and themes are unrivaled. There are even rumors of the story being developed into a movie very recently.
This non-exhaustive bibliography presents the works used in the History and Current Affairs dossier on American foreign policy.
U. S. Foreign Policy Bibliography
Washington and the world: Dilemmas of a superpower
The American model
Where’s America going? As its hold on the world seems to be growing more and more pervasive, the bubbling of ideas that underpin its foreign policy is denser than ever. Nothing could be more false than to imagine a Washington monolithic or even too briefly divided between “doves” and “falcons”. In reality, the debate on ideas is raging between neo-imperialists, multilateralists, isolationists, Wilsonians, neo-conservatives… And the future of the international system depends largely on the outcome of this debate…
Authors: Vaïsse Justin, Hassner Pierre
Publishers: Ceri / Autrement, 2003
This book presents the distinctive features of the American model of society and institutions as a counterpoint, in particular, to the French model. It also traces the critical for shaping moments of the American model and analyses the political culture that is linked to it. Finally, he wonders about the extraordinary diffusion of this model in the world and the interpretations that can be given to it.
Summary: Some “founding myths” of the American model. The American economic model. Living together: a model of democracy? Dissemination of the American model in the world: rejection, adoption, adaptation.
Author: Vaïsse Justin
Editor: Armand Colin, coll. Synthesis, 2003.
The disarray of power: The United States towards the “permanent war”?
America is Back: New Pentagon Caesars
The essential purpose of the book is to shed light on the significant issues of the new American presidency, not through a testimony but historical and political analysis. Does the United States take the direction since 11 September, namely unilateralism and a growing imperial affirmation, reversible? Can the first democracies of the world overcome the decline which seems to threaten it?… The site of the editions Lignes de Repères gives access to a reading of several paragraphs of the book as well as to a complete thematic dossier on the subject.
Author: Blin Arnaud
Editor: Landmarks, Oct. 2004
America invests itself with the saving mission of Western civilization (…) The American tradition of the mission is very ancient. Since the arrival of the first pilgrims to Cape Cod, successive waves of immigrants from around the world have embraced the credo of their elders. The desire to leave the old world to create a better one in the image of God has gradually become a universalist vocation to preach this model outside…
Authors: Chaliand Gérard, Blin Arnaud
Publisher: Bayard, 2003
War as U. S. Foreign Policy
The United States and the world from 1898 to the present day.
Attention, a militant work signed by one of the greatest American critics of American politics and society. However, Noam Chomsky is a brilliant mind with more than excellent analysis.
In this collection of articles, Chomsky focuses on describing American military interventions and giving them back a certain coherence (which we guess is linked to their interests). For the form, he uses a technique that has already proved its worth in other works: by following the various speeches and mobilizations of the United States, Chomsky tries to trap them in their logic. To demonstrate, beyond the humanist discourses that cover military interventions, what is the real logic at work. It gives us elements to protect ourselves and refuse the speech of the so-called enlightened states of which the United States is a part.
Author: Chomsky Noam
Publisher: Agone, Collection Contre-Feux, 2002
Complete and rigorous work, but more focused on facts than ideas. The author presents the main aspects of U. S. action in the world from its beginnings on the international scene in 1898, during the war with Spain, to its engagement in Iraq in March 2003. He takes stock of the various currents of ideas that animate the actors of American foreign policy, from Wilson’s moralism to the realism of Nixon and Kissinger, and George W. Bush’s unilateralism. What exactly is “American imperialism,” so often denounced? How could a form of cultural domination of the United States impose itself on the world? Can we talk about pax Americana? Since 1991, has the United States renounced multilateralism in favor of unilateral policy?
Author: Nouailhat Yves-Henry
Publisher: Armand Colin, Paris, 2003,359 p.
US foreign policy since 1945, from Yalta to Baghdad
Bush versus Saddam. Iraq, falcons, and war
From the Yalta conference to the war in Iraq, the Berlin blockade, the Cuban crisis, and the Vietnam war, the United States has played a decisive role on the international scene since the end of the Second World War. Divided into parts corresponding to presidential terms, this book analyses the ins and outs of American foreign policy from 1945 to the present day.
Audience: students and more broadly all those who want to understand why and how the United States now “dominates” the world.
Author: Nguyen Eric
Publisher: Studyrama, coll. Principles, Nov. 2004
In this event-book, fed by numerous revelations drawn from the best sources, Jean Guisnel mobilizes the results of the multiple investigations he has carried out for months. He explains why, in the war against Saddam Hussein, the fight against terrorism has a good back, as well as the desire to stop the production of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons or to promote democracy. In his crusade against the roots of terrorism, George Bush found a dragon to defeat.
Author: Guisnel Jean
Publisher: La Découverte, Cahiers libres, 2003
To complement your knowledge of U. S. foreign policy, we also recommend these books
- Kissinger Henry, Diplomatie, Fayard, 1996,860, by one of the greatest American strategists.
- Fohlen Claude, De Washington à Roosevelt, l’ ascension d’ une grande puissance (1776-1945), Editions Nathan, Collection Fac Histoire, 1992.
- Aron Raymond, Imperial Republic: The United States in the World, 1945-1972, Calmann-Levy, Paris, 1973,338 p.: a classic.
- Duroselle Jean-Baptiste, De Wilson to Roosevelt. The United States Foreign Policy, 1913-1945, Paris: Armand colin, 1960.
CHRISTOPHER HILL The Changing Politics of Foreign Policy Basingstoke, Palgrave/MacMillan, 2003,376 pages.
Christopher Hill, Professor of International Relations at the London School of Economics, is one of the leading British authors interested in foreign policy, particularly in the European context. Several of his previous publications have dealt with both the Europeanisation of the foreign policies of the Member States of the European Union and the emergence of the EU as an international actor.
The book he gives us here is more general, since it deals with foreign policy as a “mediation process” aimed at linking national societies to international society, in the shattered context of the post-Cold War era, the erosion of Westphalian sovereignty and globalization. Foreign policy is then broadly defined from the outset as the sum of official external relations conducted by an independent actor (usually a State) in international relations.
Theoretically, the author calls for a “liberal realism” (p. 37) recognizing both international insecurities as a fundamental feature of international relations and the possibility of promoting multilateral cooperation based on shared values (human rights, environment, etc.).
Above all, however, C. Hill’s aim in this book on foreign policy is to revitalize a category of the study of international relations neglected by neo-realists. They are too interested in the structure of the international system regarding the distribution of power and not enough in the internal structure of States; by neoliberals, who focus on the processes of cooperation and international organizations. This is done by the transnationalist school, which tends to disqualify C. Hill is quite convincing here when he seeks to demonstrate the need to renew the study of foreign policy by keeping the “meta-theories” of international relations (such as realism or constructivism) at arm’s length and by using intermediate theories, such as the postulate that democracies are not at war (chapters 1 and 2).
It is hardly surprising, therefore, that the answer to Robert Dahl’s famous question (who governs?), here transposed to foreign policy (p. 53), is also classic: it is the Minister of Foreign Affairs, under the control of the head of state or government.
Nor are there any very original developments on the place of advisers and other eminent greys, or on that of the secret services (pp. 66 et seq.). The author is insisting as much on the key role they played in the anti-Hitler strategy of a Churchill as on the relative negligence in which they would have held De Gaulle at the beginning of the Fifth Republic.
Let us turn to the somewhat journalistic aspect of the pages devoted to the impact of the disease or nervous breakdown of statesmen on their foreign policy (p. 60), even if some anecdotes are not lacking in salt (the fifty-one phone calls made by Nixon in one night, at the height of the Watergate scandal).